How To Know Emphysema Life Expectancy
Emphysema is a lung disease wherein the tissues on the lungs are damaged. Patients with this disease experience difficulties in breathing, tightness on the chest area, severe cough and loss of weight. This is a progressive disease that has no cure at the moment. This is because the damaged tissues on the lungs are irreparable. Emphysema life expectancy is different for each patient.
Though there is no medication that will cure emphysema, there are available treatments that can help control the spread of infection as well as slow down the progress of the disease. This can make emphysema life expectancy longer. There are four stages of emphysema. Stage 1 is mild emphysema, stage 2 is moderate emphysema, stage 3 is severe and stage 4 is very severe emphysema or terminal emphysema. Stage 4 emphysema life expectancy is about four years. However, the patient need to continue treatment provided by the doctor as well as stay away from things that can make his condition worse like smoking and exposure to toxic chemicals. If the disease is not treated on this stage, the life expectancy of the emphysema patient will be lower. Instead of four years, it will only be about two to three years. There is a test done to know the stage of emphysema that a patient has. This is called pulmonary function testing or PFTs. A test can also be made for estimating the life expectancy of the patient. It’s called spirometry. This test will measure the volume of air exhaled per second. The result will give the doctor an idea on the current condition of the patient. A normal person with no emphysema will get a result between 80 and 100. The lower the result, the shorter is the life expectancy.
By following the given measures by the doctor, emphysema life expectancy can be improved. This means that the patient can live longer.